Study Hacks Blog Decoding Patterns of Success

How to Ace Essay Questions Using the Three Minute Rule

December 8th, 2008 · 12 comments

Blue Book Phobia

Blue Book

As we tumble toward final exams, I’d be remiss if I didn’t address one of the most dreaded denizens of the season: the blue book essay exam. Nothing strikes more fear into the heart of a liberal arts student than seeing that big blue book, full of empty, lined pages, just waiting to be filled with paragraphs pregnant with novel insight.

These exams are tough. But in this post I will teach you a devastatingly effective trick for squeezing out the most possible points once you sit down for the test itself. Of course, this advice assumes you’ve done smart preparation (see last week’s post on exam prep mistakes for some pointers on this topic). But assuming you know your stuff, this advice will teach you how to strut it.

It all comes down to the three simple minutes…

Essay Basics

There are two ways to lose points on essay questions. First, you don’t answer everything asked by the prompt. Second, while answering what’s asked, you leave out important relevant arguments covered in class. That’s it. If you can bypass these two pitfalls you’ll do well.

(A common myth is that the quality of your writing matters on these exams. This is rarely true.)

Fans of Straight-A know my advice for avoiding the first pitfall: outline! The technique is simple. Before you start writing your answer to an essay question, sketch out an outline of every argument you want to cover in your response. (I used to write my outlines on the back cover of the blue book.) This outline should be a bullet-point list, containing just a couple words on each line reminding you of the larger points you want to include.

Here’s another tip from the red book: after sketching the outline, go back, look at the question description, and make sure you’re addressing every point it asks. It’s common for students, in their rush to answer, to miss one or more pieces of the question, lurking somewhere deep in a subordinate clause.

Now it’s time to move on the marquee advice…

The Three Minute Rule

To address the second pitfall mentioned above – bypassing relevant arguments in your answer — there is only one thing to do: slow down.

The start of an exam gets the adrenaline pumping. The fear of running out of time motivates you to start writing as soon and as fast as possible. It’s exactly this fear that causes students to blow past those argumentative nuances that make the difference between a B and a A.

Here’s what you should do instead: after you finish sketching your outline for a question stop and think for three full minutes. Literally: look at your watch and time yourself for 180 seconds.

While this time passes, quietly ponder the following: What are you missing? What tricky point did you discuss with your professor earlier in the semester that would fit perfectly in this answer? What argument from another topic could be reapplied here to interesting and informative effect? What argument isn’t really a good fit?

…To Those Who Wait

These three minutes of reflection – and it has to be three minutes; any less and you won’t generate enough new thinking, any more and you might run out of time — can shake loose all manner of insights that you would have otherwise blown right past. I’ll admit, it’s hard to slow down when your mind is screaming for you to keep moving. But these strategic lacuna can make the difference between a blue book God and just another sweat-stained undergrad furiously scribbling like his life depended on it.

12 thoughts on “How to Ace Essay Questions Using the Three Minute Rule

  1. Kevin says:

    I’ve found that I remember related points by writing down the things I do remember, the same way your thoughts can become clearer when you put them to paper. Maybe this introspection would be best halfway through the session.

  2. ElamBend says:

    This very easily translates to law school exams as well. Just outline in the accepted law essay form (IRAC or ICRAC)

  3. M. says:

    How long does the exam have to be for the 3-minute rule to work? Does it apply to a 45-minute English essay, or a 45-minute AP history essay? (high school)

  4. Anna says:

    M.: It is devastatingly successful for AP essays. Our AP teacher emphasized a 5 minute period that we write our outlines and what we’re going to say before we start writing. It worked for me; I got a 5 on every AP essays test I’ve taken :)

  5. Suzie Bee says:

    Hm… what about Theatre Studies (A level)? I don’t find I can really plan those essays – I just have to write and hope what comes out is good enough!

  6. Study Hacks says:

    Hm… what about Theatre Studies (A level)? I don’t find I can really plan those essays – I just have to write and hope what comes out is good enough!

    To be honest, I don’t quite know what an A level Theatre Studies essay questions looks like?

  7. supergirl says:

    Why do it after the outline? Why not before?

    Also I assume we adjust the time based on exam length — more if it’s a three-hour-one-essay, less if it’s a one-hour-three-essay — and that the three minutes is separate to the outlining time itself (which I usually spend at least 20% of the allotted exam time on, more like a third most of the time, because I find it so valuable to have a blueprint of all the points I need to make when it’s near the end of three hours and I’m completely out of mental energy)

    Any advice for finishing blue-book exams on time?

  8. John Kearney says:

    Wow this is great! I wish I read this before the SAT last week. Thanks for the tip.

  9. John Kearney says:

    What i also find helpful, which is the method i take on most essays, is for 2 minutes or so think about you. Your life is full of events, how can you relate to the topic? Are there any examples form your life you can give? I did this last year on the SAT and got a perfect score.

  10. tin says:

    Sometimes, especially for MC questions, double-checking makes it worse for me. I tend to overthink, change my answer and come to regret later on.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>